Category Archives: Aktualności

Understanding Social Cognition: 3rd Avant Conference 2017 CFP

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Understanding Social Cognition (Lublin, 20-22 October 2017)

Within the social sciences, it is widely accepted that groups of people exhibit social properties and dynamics that emerge from, but cannot be reductively identified with the actions and properties of individual members. Nevertheless, psychology and cognitive science have only reluctantly embraced the idea that something similar might happen in the domain of mind and cognition.

Contemporary research on the distinctively social aspects of human cognition, which has become abundant over the past two decades, tends to fall somewhere along the following continuum. On the “conservative” side, the minds of individuals are currently being reconceived as socially situated, culturally scaffolded, and deeply transformed by our life-long immersion and participation in group contexts. According to more “liberal” multi-level approaches, the informational integration of functionally interdependent and socially distributed individual cognitive processes can enable the rise to emergent group-level cognitive phenomena. We invite participants to explore the full spectrum of social cognition, ranging from the elementary social-cognitive skills that allow people to think and act together, through embodied behavioral coupling and joint intentionality, mechanisms of mind reading and mutual understanding, all the way to group cognition.

 

Keynote speakers and special guests:

Daniel Dennett (Tufts University, USA, book promotion)
Morana Alač (University of California San Diego, USA)
Him Cheung (The Chinese University of Hong Kong)
Stephen Cowley (University of Southern Denmark)
Arkadiusz Gut (Catholic University of Lublin, Poland)
Robert Rupert (University of Colorado Boulder, USA)
Judith Simon (University of Hamburg, Germany)
Deborah Tollefsen (University of Memphis, USA)
Robert Wilson (University of Alberta, Canada)

Abstracts will be accepted until July 31, 2017. For more information and registration details refer to the conference website.

Mechanistic Integration and Unification in Cognitive Science

cognitive_webWarsaw, June 23-26, 2016

The aim of the workshop is to discuss the recent work on mechanistic explanation, with special stress on particular problems of integration of multiple mechanistic models, robustness, and unification of partial explanations, theories and fields.

There is a growing consensus that cognitive science and cognitive neuroscience explain their phenomena of interest mechanistically. Cognitive science is an interdisciplinary research field, in which methods, tools, and concepts from other disciplines are used. One can ask a fundamental question whether anything unifies the field; or whether it is not just a hodgepodge of heterogeneous research. This kind of doubt can be articulated with regard to any interdisciplinary research field. However, the existence of interdisciplinary collaboration means that there are real connections between disciplines and that their problems are related. But to really dispel the doubt against interdisciplinary research, one needs to answer the question of what makes such conglomerates as cognitive science actually unified.

Invited Keynote Speakers

William Bechtel (California, San Diego)

Carl F. Craver (Washington University in St. Louis)

David Kaplan (Macquarie)

Registration

To register, click here.

More info

The workshop is organized by Marcin Miłkowski and Mateusz Hohol, and financed from National Science Center grant under the decision DEC-2014/14/E/HS1/00803, with support from Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Polish Academy of Sciences, and Center for Philosophical Research, Warsaw.

Łódzka Kawiarnia Filozoficzna – Czy potrzebujemy jeszcze religii?

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Serdecznie zapraszamy na drugie spotkanie Kawiarni Filozoficznej w Łodzi. Odbędzie się ono 24 marca 2015 r. o godz. 18.00 w kawiarni “Niebostan”, ul. Piotrkowska 17. Spotkanie poprowadzą dr Paweł Grabarczyk (UŁ, OBF) i dr Tomasz Sieczkowski (UŁ). Jak zwykle, wstęp wolny.

Od wieków religia pełniła wiele funkcji ważnych tak dla jednostek, jak i dla społeczeństw. Stanowiła narzędzie wyjaśniania i rozumienia świata, dawała nadzieję na przezwyciężenie śmierci i cierpienia, organizowała ramy porządku społeczno-politycznego i wyznaczała kanon wartości moralnych, wokół których organizuje się ludzkie życie.

Zainicjowana w okresie nowożytnym rewolucja myślenia przyniosła natychmiastowe pragmatyczne rezultaty i w dużej mierze zagospodarowała wszystkie te funkcje. Okazało się, że nauka lepiej wyjaśnia świat, a świecki porządek społeczno-polityczny jest sprawiedliwszy od teokracji. Okazało się też, a wcześniej było to raczej nie do pomyślenia, że ateiści mogą postępować moralnie.

Jednakże, mimo objawów kryzysu instytucjonalnych religii, religijność ma się dzisiaj zaskakująco dobrze i nic nie wskazuje na to, aby miała być w odwrocie.

Czy zatem religia odpowiada na jakąś potrzebę, której nie sposób zaspokoić inaczej?

Czy redukcja świata doświadczenia do tego, co mówi nauka, jest możliwa i wskazana?

Czy religijność powinno się manifestować publicznie?

Kawiarnia Filozoficzna – czas wolny

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Ośrodek Badań Filozoficznych i Festiwal Nauki serdecznie zapraszają na spotkanie Kawiarni Filozoficznej, które odbędzie się 16 marca 2015 r. o godz. 18.00 w Cafe Niespodzianka (ul. Marszałkowska 7, Warszawa). Naszym gościem będzie dr Artur Rodziewicz, który opowie o pojęciu czasu wolnego. Poniżej zamieszczamy abstrakt wystąpienia:
 

Postaram się opowiedzieć o zmianach w rozumieniu „czasu wolnego” (gr. σχολἡ, łac. otium) – począwszy od czasu, w którym ludzie wolni poświęcali się bezinteresownie filozofii, poprzez jego zinstytucjonalizowanie w postaci klasztoru i uniwersytetu, aż do momentu, kiedy to czas wolny został przejęty przez państwo w formie przymusowego powszechnego szkolnictwa, którego celem jest już nie tyle bezinteresowna kontemplacja rzeczywistości, co szkolenie przyszłych pracowników, którzy mają ją zmieniać. Nie pracujemy już, aby się „szkolić”, lecz szkolimy się, aby pracować, zatracając przy tym to, w czym przez stulecia widziano istotę człowieczeństwa.

Abraham Heschel – Kim jest człowiek?

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Serdecznie zapraszamy na dyskusję promującą pracę Kim jest człowiek? Abrahama Heschela w tłumaczeniu Katarzyny Wojtkowskiej. Dyskusję z udziałem prof.  prof. Janusza Dobieszewskiego i Stanisława Krajewskiego z Instytutu Filozofii UW poprowadzi Tomasz Herbich, doktorant Zakładu Filozofii Polskiej Instytutu Filozofii UW. Spotkanie odbędzie się 24 lutego 2015 r. o godzinie 17.30 w sali 109 Instytutu Filozofii UW (ul. Krakowskie Przedmieście 3).

Dwie nowe publikacje Biblioteki OBF

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Nakładem OBF, przy finansowym wsparciu Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego, ukazały się dwie pozycje książkowe:

Obie dostępne są do pobrania, zapraszamy do lektury!

Placing Art and Music in Nature: KNEW 2015

 

Kazimierz Dolny, Poland – November, 7th to 11th, 2015 August,  10th to 14th, 2015

Recent scientific research concerning art and music has thrown up a plethora of new aspects to be integrated into our understanding of these phenomena. Individual studies, such as attempts to explain aesthetic responses in terms of some aspect of human neurology, have at times been deemed reductionist. Quite apart from such ‘accusations’ often being wholehearted accepted by researchers, the overall picture of art that science is revealing is anything from simplistic. Instead, research coming out of a variety of disciplines is presenting philosophy with ever new challenges if it is to provide anything like an integrated understanding of art and music. Thus, among others, ecological approaches provide a novel perspective upon meaning in music, embodied approaches explore the role of the specific played by the body in experiencing music and evolutionary approaches examine the significance of human evolutionary history for art and music. Far from being simplified, the view that tended to focus upon cultural factors has been enriched by consideration of cognitive and evolutionary factors as well as novel tools and ways of thinking about the interplay between art and music and the broader cultures in which they exist. In effect, it is philosophy that is forced to extend its perspective in order to seek a synthesis that reflects the new research. In our workshop we will seek to further this process by engaging philosophers and scientists in a dialogue concerning the multifaceted place that art and music hold in nature.

Invited Key-speakers

Ian Cross (University of Cambridge)

Ellen Dissanayake (University of Washington) 

Piotr Przybysz (Adam Mickiewicz University)

Sample Questions

  • To what extent recent neuroscientific findings explain the nature of our interactions with art and music?
  • How can we relate empirical data from empirical musicology to evolutionary theories of music?
  • What is the role of computational modelling of music cognition in our understanding of music (in evolutionary context)?
  • To what degree can current neuroaesthetics explain the meaning of art and aesthetic pleasure?
  • In what ways current naturalistic philosophy of science can inform recent debates on art and music?

Call for Papers

300 word abstracts are invited no later than August, 30th (extended deadline). Accepted speakers will have 40 minutes for their presentations, including discussion time. Preference will be given to presentations directly connected to the work carried out by the key speakers. Abstracts are to be submitted via EasyChair.

Registration and accommodation

Applications will be accepted till September, 10th, with late applications being accepted till October, 15th. Early registration fee is 150 Euro (reduced rate – 75 Euro), while late registration fee is 200 Euro. Fees are payable upon acceptance of application. They cover the workshop sessions, conference materials, lunches, coffee breaks and the minibus to and from Warsaw. Accommodation is available at the hotel at which the workshop will take place (or a hotel nearby) and costs an additional 100 Euro in total for the whole workshop (including breakfasts) in twin en-suite rooms (limited single rooms available at higher price). Availability of accommodation cannot be guaranteed for late registrants.

KNEW’15 is being organised by Marcin Miłkowski (PAN, CPR), Konrad Talmont-Kaminski (UF&M, CPR) and Jakub Ryszard Matyja (PAN, CPR) with the financial assistance from the Centre for Philosophical Research.

 

 

Avant 2 / 2014

Okładka One of the most common questions in today’s cognitive studies is the one regarding embodied cognition. The answer to this question draws our attention to many factors, including bodily actions, which also work to embody cognition. With this in mind, enactivism is included in discussions of embodiment. Some authors are comparing cognition to a handshake and dancing. Enactivism equates cognition with action, focusing on its very performance.
The present issue consists mainly of ten articles that are ten standpoints on enactivism: not only from the point of view of the critics (K. Aizawa, P. Steiner, F. Cummins, K. Bielecka) and the proponents (S. Gallagher & M. Brower, R. Ellis, Q. Li & I. Winchester), but also spokespeople for the moderate approach (D. Reid, R. Briscoe, J.L. Petit). The abovementioned papers are significantly complemented by two interviews: one with S. Gallagher, and the other with R. Rupert, as well as by two book reviews by P. Grosse and Ch. Drain; they are able to direct the attention towards more broadly conceived issues connected with situating cognitive processes.

“Enactivism: Arguments & Applications”. AVANT, Volume V, Issue 2/2014. ISSN: 2082-6710. Editors of the Issue: Tomasz Komendziński, Przemysław Nowakowski, Witold Wachowski.

Polemika wokół książki Krzysztofa Posłajki

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Okładka PF-LW najnowszym numerze Przeglądu Filozoficznego-Literackiego (2 (39) /2014) Marcin Miłkowski polemizuje z Krzysztofem Posłajką na temat jego książki opublikowanej przez Bibliotekę OBF. Autor nie pozostaje dłużny i odpowiada na krytyczne uwagi.

Avant 1/2014

Avant12014.jpg Trzon najnowszego „Avantu” (pod red. P. Nowakowskiego i W. Wachowskiego) stanowią przekłady czterech prac z zakresu kognitywistyki – dotyczą one: teorii poznania ucieleśnionego (A.D. Wilson i S. Golonka), enaktywizmu (F. de Vignemont), teorii poznania rozproszonego (D. Kirsh) i zastosowań Gibsonowskiej teorii afordancji w projektowaniu robotów (T.E. Horton, A. Chakraborty i R. St. Amant). W numerze znajdziemy również artykuł M. Dombrowskiego poświęcony Witkacowskiej metafizyce cielesności, analizę instalacji Wielka szyba Duchampa (artykuł M. Włudzik) oraz komentarz Ł. Jędrzejczaka do eseju T. Metzingera na temat relacji między duchowością, religią i uczciwością intelektualną. Ponadto – recenzje dwóch książek: Radicalizing Enactivism Daniela Hutto i Erika Myina oraz Mindvaults Radu Bogdana.

Avant 3/2013

AvantALoSpring.jpg

The latest issue of the Avant journal, entitled A Laboratory of Spring, commemorates the centennial of the first-night performance of Igor Stravinsky’s The Rite of Spring. The articles cover a wide range of fields, including musicology, history, philosophy, psychology, sociology, ethnography and cognitive science of music.

Editors of the issue: Witold Wachowski, Monika Włudzik, Przemysław Nowakowski.